Reverse engineering an Estonian lace pattern

[This is cross-posted to the Create Along ‘blog.]

I’m ruminating some design ideas that I’m not prepared to detail just yet, but I had “an experience” deconstructing a lace pattern, and I thought it might be worthwhile to share what happened during the design process.

So… I originally was thinking about how one might knit a coral polyp in lace.


Image from here.

They’re quite pretty, actually. I thought that the ends looked something like stars. Now I remembered Marnie knitting something she had described as “star stitch” and browsed her archives until I found it. Hmm… It was definitely pretty and star shaped, but it was a little small, not quite what I had in mind.

A few minutes of Internet searching later, I found the phrase “star stitch” in this description of Estonian lace. The author describes nupps and how they can be used as star-shaped bases for other designs. I’d heard of nupps before (well, I’d heard people complaining about knitting nupps), but I thought they were just bobbles with an Eastern European flavor. Then I saw this:


Image from here.

What a fantastically clever idea! The nupp is used as the starting point of a 3-petaled flower, and the decreases are gradually made over the next few rows. The flowers are tiled such that the increases in 1 repeat occurs with the decreases in the next repeat so the fabric doesn’t buckle. I’d not seen anything like it before and was immediately intrigued.

I thought I could use a single “tile” (or motif) of this stitch pattern as my polyp, and I read anxiously through to see if directions for the stitch pattern were somewhere in the article. No such luck, although the author references a Estonian-language lace dictionary in that article. Sucker that I am, I found someone who carried it and ordered the book that day. But I didn’t want to wait for a package to arrive from Germany (what can I say – I’m an American – I like my instant gratification), and I’ve deconstructed lace before. How hard could this be?

Well, as it turns out, it was kind of hard. Now, for the love of God, do not tell me that this pattern is widely known and available on some site that I’ve never encountered. You’ll make me weep. I studied the picture and wrote down everything that I was sure was happening.

1. The base of the flower was 3 stitches.
2. Each petal was 3 stitches wide. Thus, the base had expanded from 3 to 9 stitches.
3. The center petal was surrounded by yarnovers.
4. Each petal ended with a 3-into-1 decrease (eg, sl2, k1, pass sl sts over).
5. The 3 st that formed the base of the flower were derived from the last stitch of the right-most petal of the tile to the left, the center petal from the tile below, and the left-most petal of the tile to the right.

I wasn’t sure of the maximum width of the tile, the exact location of yarnovers, or the number of rows per tile, but constraits of The Maths said that the number of yarnovers would dicate the final width, and I would likely be knitting 1 row for every 2n decreases (I saw nothing that seemed like an unpaired decrease). As long as I had the same number of increases and decreases, the pattern would work.

I also had no frickin’ idea how to chart a bobble. I emailed Kim and begged for help. She replied, “I don’t know of any books in modern standard notation that show nepps clearly. Most avoid the whole bobble idea by just putting a ‘there be bobble here’ symbol in the main chart and offering up the bobble instruction elsewhere. ” She suggested using grey boxes to indicate “no stitch” (tutorial here) and sent an example. Thanks, Kim!

I swatched and was able to make the main flower easily. I ignored the side stitches, figuring that they would be other tiles in the final iteration.

It was starting to come together, sort of. But I could not get the number of stitches to turn out correctly. In true OCD fashion, I spent all my nonworking hours thinking about how this could be charted. (It was like The Lost Weekend, except with yarn.)

Some problems and solutions:

1) The motif was too tall. I had ended the side petals long before I was ready to start the staggered motif on either the side, so I had too many rows.

Because most of my lace experience is with patterns that are straight knit or purl across the back, I hadn’t considered doing some of the decreases on the private side. If I decreased on the front and back sides, I could squash the motif into fewer rows.

2) No knitter would have any idea which stitch aligns with which from the row below. Clearly, lots of grey (“no stitch”) boxes are needed.

I struggled with where to put the grey boxes. In the example below, the red dots should have lined up with the tent-shape boxes (3-into-1 decrease) to the left and right boxes of the previous row.

3) The pattern would not tile. Remember, the center stitch of each side petal contributed to the flower base of the motif next to it. However, if I matched up the tile on 1 side (blue), it would not match on the other (red).

The pattern repeat as I drew it above has 7 rows. BZZZT! It works a little better if I use an even number.

4) Getting closer…

I forget what was wrong with this, but it had a problem. However, I was close – could nearly taste victory. I had a few other problems that are hard to explain, so I’m just going to gloss over them for now, but I had the final chart at 10 PM one night.

The next morning, I swatched on the way to work.


Got it!

Now I’m really looking forward to the arrival of my Estonian lace book! I feel like I’m waiting for the answer key to a pop quiz.

You can download the stitch pattern (.pdf file) here. (I also put it in the sidebar, if you want to access it later.)

35 thoughts on “Reverse engineering an Estonian lace pattern

  1. June, I have to tell you – I think I’m in love 🙂 Thank you so much for sharing all your hard work and the results of it. I love reading about “the process,” especially from someone who can explain it so clearly and intelligently. I love this pattern and I’m sure it will work its way into something I make soon. Have a great weekend!

  2. Your tenacity is so impressive. My weak little brain would have started whimpering and curled up in a ball after a couple attempts. You prove that its worth the effort though – that is one stunning stitch pattern.

  3. At first I thought you were crocheting then began to see where you were going with this. Yes! No wonder I love you so much…

  4. I already posted at the CAL but I’ll post here too because I think the entry deserves a double comment. I definitely want to add this to my list of favorite motifs and use it in something…someday…somewhere 🙂

  5. I always figure deconstructing lace like that is the equivalent of playing solitaire. I hope to win once every two dozen games or so. Thanks for the pdf — this one really is gorgeous!

  6. I saw that same pattern a few months ago on that website. I too looeds for the stitch pattern and couldn’t find it. So I felt sad, went and made some coffee, and then watched TV. Because I’m lazy.

    Thanks for doing all that work!

  7. Delurking to say that your tenacity is inspiring and your pattern is lovely. Let us hope that we have coral reefs to inspire us for evermore (although I do worry we won’t what with the acidification of our oceans and all). Keep knitting and keep sharing. We all appreciate it.

  8. Jeez June – you rock! It’s not just that the pattern is awesome all by itself, but that you worked at it, figured it out and shared it! I humbly bow in the direction of Minnesota. Many thanks 🙂

  9. Wow, holy cow, no wonder you wanted to work that out. Your lace is lovely too, but I don’t think it quite matches. I think your motifs are taller and/or narrower than the original. Still, thanks so much for the pointers! This might be just what I need for that next shawl…

  10. Beautiful!! Thank you so much for sharing the pattern, June. Looks lovely in the light blue heather!

  11. Thank you so much for sharing how you worked that out. It gives me hope that someday I’ll be able to backtrack too. That’s a beautiful pattern. I think I’ll be swatching it soon.

  12. Wow…..impressive!!! I am working/cursing on nupps right now. Any tips for making that purl 5 together any easier?

  13. Thanks for the lace details, just love the flower pattern!
    Btw,
    have you any interest in selling your Circular sock machine? It’s something I’ve been on the lookout for a long time.

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